Who Regulates the Gambling Regulators?

The current phase of regulation of the gambling market in EU jurisdictions is now almost over. Following the Spanish Gambling Regulation Act reaching the statute book, there is only one big jurisdiction left which has not yet regulated its gambling industry according to the EU legislation and European Commission (EC) directives – Germany. Other jurisdictions, such as Greece and Denmark, have yet to complete their journey to regulation, but they are not that far from the finishing line.It is no secret that many countries were pushed into changing their legislation by court cases brought by commercial operators and infringements proceedings started by the EC. It is not too much of an exaggeration to say that some governments had to be dragged kicking and screaming to allow private operators into the national gambling market. Many countries did the minimum amount that was sufficient to stop EU infringement proceedings and designed regulatory frameworks that favoured, if not outright protected, their state-owned gambling monopolies. Additionally, just to make sure that commercial operators are not too successful, these same governments also imposed a high tax rate. France is a classic case study of this course of action and to a certain extent Spain and Greece are following French footsteps. Germany cannot bring itself to walk even that far.Within this mix, regulators are given a wide remit to keep a check on commercial operators. ARJEL in France is fairly aggressive in making sure that commercial operators do not infringe the regulations, and even more aggressive with those who do not obtain a French licence but who continue to operate in France.The role of regulators has up to now not been sufficiently analysed. Are they independent entities who regulate the market, similar to a Financial Services Authority or a Central Bank for the financial sector? Or are regulators in the gambling industry solely an arm of the country’s executive?So far, the pattern of behaviour of gambling regulators leads observers to think that they act more like the arm of governments than independent referees.Where state-owned gambling operators have a large market share and are protected by law from competition in certain sectors like lotteries, the behaviour of regulators tends to be important, not only as a matter of fairness, but from the point of view of enabling a truly competitive market. There is something wrong when the state controls the biggest firm or firms in the market and at the same time makes the rules through the regulator.France is the case in point. The state controlled PMU and FDJ’s dominant position in land-based gambling activities (where they are protected by law) allowed them to gain a competitive advantage in online activities, even thought the law states they have to separate their land-based and online businesses. It took the European Gaming and Betting Association’s complaint to the French Competition Authority (FCA), and the subsequent non-binding opinion of the FCA stating that PMU and FDJ behaviour distorts the market to raise the issue. This is a classic case where the regulator should have intervened. One of ARJEL’s declared missions, after all, is to ensure compliance by operators.One has to wonder if the reluctance, or frustration, of certain governments in allowing commercial gambling operators to trade is being reproduced in the actions of regulatory bodies.It is in the interest of a properly functioning market that gambling regulatory bodies are independent, and seen to be independent. Additionally, regulatory bodies need to acquire high calibre professionals with expertise of the gambling industry and the required skill sets to allow them to conduct their supervisory role for Industry Trends in an efficient manner.It is what everyone expects for regulators in the media/broadcast or financial sectors, why should it be any different for the gambling industry?

Wooden Board Games – Top 3 Best Sellers

The three best sellers according to records reported by a section of the online business community were1. Shove Halfpenny.Shove halfpenny is a wooden board game that has been a popular pastime for centuries. In medieval England it was such a popular gambling game that the board had to be kept in a room at the back of the Inn so that only trustworthy customers could play. King Henry the VIII of England was a regular player, and history records that even he had to lay out significant sums of money to courtiers who had the skill (and no small amount of courage) to beat him.2. Backgammon.Backgammon has been played by Ancient Civilisations, including the Egyptians and can be dated back to 3000BC. Many civilisations had games that would combine the use of dice and markers to play territorial “war” games where opponents were able to develop strategies of defence and attack. However, by the 18th Century it became very popular among English clergy.3. Chess.Chess dates back to 2000BC in India and Persia and was known as chaturanga. The original Chess Pieces were of carved Horses, Chariots, Elephants and Infantry Soldiers. Chess as we now know it came in to being about 2000 years ago.Throughout history some form of board game has been played as a leisure pastime by most civilised societies. Some were even being played before the civilisation had developed their literacy skills. The same basic concepts exist today and many of the ancient board games have transformed into the ones that we play today.Wood as a material was abundant in most regions and was commonly used as a material of choice and has the benefit of great longevity and style.Many of these traditional wooden board games are seeing a revival in popularity today due to the keenness of parents to provide an alternative to electronic games.

Video Game Tester Needed

It’s not easy to find a position for a video game tester but it’s very possible. If you want to get a video game tester, you need to position yourself very well. What do I mean by this? Video game testing is unlike playing video games for fun. And it doesn’t mean that as a gamer like you; you are not qualified for the job, but you need to bear in mind that testing games require how well you are able to detect bugs. I have arranged some steps I think you can use to find a place where a video game tester is needed.Get In Touch
Video game tester jobs are not easy to find on magazines, websites or even classified sections of newspapers. You need to approach those video game producers and show that what you can offer. If you live in one of the big cities, you can make time to visit video game producers like Microsoft Xbox, Code Masters, Sony, Nintendo and the rest of others, and prove to them that you could make a good testing job. Tell them how many games you’ve played, the ones you own and anything convincing to make them give you a testing job. If you have friends that work in video game companies, it’s another alternative you can use to get a testing job.Most video game companies have offices in big cities and have friends that were able to get a video game testing job through this approach. Some video game companies display their ads on its website when a tester is needed, it’s your responsibility as one who is hungry for a testing job to find those ads, read them and make proper use of them to get what you need. Hopefully, you might get a video game testing job. Most public video game testing is done at home, so always check your mail to see whether you’ve got any testing job. When the games get to you, take time to read through the instructions that came with it and memorize them very well in order to get the best out of what its expected of you. Remember that your main role as a video game tester is discover bugs and file your report, so test the games over and over again. Video game producers are not really gamers, so they believe the best people for the job are gamers. Test the games over and over again until you are satisfied with the results, send your feedback to the company that assigned you the games to test.Bear in mind that time factor is very important, so don’t waste time testing the games. After submitting your first assignment, you relax and wait for your checks at the mail. Expect more testing jobs and deliver as soon as possible. Reputation is built over time, the more you impress the company with your services, the more you build your reputation. The pay for a video game testing is very attractive, you should expect to earn $20-$50 per hour or $150 per day depending on the amount of hours you spend testing the games, that’s a huge sum of money when and even more when capitalized on a monthly basis.


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